Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the more common form of diabetes and is often associated with lifestyle factors, although genetics also play a role. Unlike Type 1 diabetes, where the body does not produce insulin, Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance. In this condition, the body’s cells do not respond effectively to insulin, causing blood sugar levels to rise.
Several factors contribute to the development of Type 2 diabetes. Genetics can increase the risk, but lifestyle choices such as an unhealthy diet, lack of physical activity, and obesity are significant risk factors. Insulin resistance is at the core of Type 2 diabetes, making it difficult for the body to use insulin efficiently.
Managing Type 2 diabetes often begins with lifestyle changes. This includes adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight. In some cases, oral medications or insulin therapy may be necessary to regulate blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes management can be challenging due to its association with other health issues like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Additionally, it tends to progress over time, requiring adjustments in treatment plans. Lifestyle modifications, along with medications if needed, are crucial to prevent complications and improve overall well-being.
Understanding these fundamental differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is essential for effective diabetes management and prevention of complications.